endobj 8 0 obj x�+� � | endobj <>stream 29 0 obj 22 0 obj endstream Subsequently, Act X … <> endstream 10 0 obj x�%���0��Wj�@d(u�^���@���&q��b�Pї8�rG��W%�t�[)!8tK���u��T,?&7�.C3�����>���'����Kc�u\�m��XO��s͌����.���0(� <>stream September 2013 and came into force on January 2014. 13 0 obj <>stream <>stream endobj PScript5.dll Version 5.2 The Ordinance amends the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act 2013). UPSC Mains 2014 GS 3 Question Paper Official. <>stream While the LARR Act 2013 was applicable for the acquisition of land for. endstream The LARR Act 2013 excluded the acquisition of land for private hospitals and private educational institutions from its purview. *zEz����#\$t���(7 History of Land Acquisition Laws in India. This act which was enacted in 1894 is one of the remnants of the colonial legacy on independent India. IBPS Changed Pattern with Mains Examination. endobj <> <>stream Narrate the circumstances leading to enactment of Land Ordinance 2014 and its likely impact on Indian economy. The Ordinance states that in calculating this time period, any period during which the proceedings of acquisition were held up: (i) due to a stay order of a court, or (ii) a period specified in the award of a Tribunal for taking possession, or (iii) any period where possession has been taken but the compensation is lying deposited in a court or any account, will not be counted. 2. Coming under such huge pressure, the government has finally agreed to amend the bill and bring in some changes. The new Act makes it necessary to obtain consent of 80% land owners required for private projects and 70% land owners required for Public-Private Partnership Projects. 1 0 obj <>stream The new Act provides for higher compensation to those deprived of land by the government for both public and private sector projects. endstream endstream x�%��� E��o�A���&�62�"�J-�@��l�p�s.v���^g/֥��߰��#2���[)ϲ����Y�����V��� ����lz�'Z�����L�dt��c�qY┟? endobj endstream The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act) replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). endobj The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1st January, 2014… September 27, 2013: Bill receives the president’s approval. <>stream endobj Sure there have been amendments to the act but the character of the act still remains the same. (2) It extends to the whole of India except (the state of Jammu and Kashmir). ... Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Indian Police Service (IPS) endobj 24 0 obj x�+� � | endobj 5 0 obj The Act establishes regulations for land acquisition as a part of India's massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership. endstream x�%���0����&� ���{S�b��Dy�o���)v*���}��Ɋ�r��ěv7�1$C�t��I�uDB�J��\�$�5�䇎6������3��Z,�"\��O= �0�m�+�;:k�"?.�(� The Act applies to all acquisitions done by Government for own use or use by a private company or use of land under a public private partnership. endstream The main central Act governing land acquisition is the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act). x�+� � | The 2013 Act for the first time, integrated Land Acquisition with Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) and Social Impact Assessment (S.I.A. endobj Register ; Whats New (Hourly Updated) UPSC Exam Calendar 2021 <>stream <>stream x�%�1� ��_j���H�3�f���H"@���l�݇|�!%���ٶ��-�߰��2�r�k)O���Lp��gk&PԊ. x�+� � | <>stream endobj 12 0 obj x�+� � | endstream 28 0 obj endobj <>stream September 4, 2013: Bill passed in the Rajya Sabha. endobj Tenancy regulation (to improve the contractual terms including security of tenure); 3. The LARR Act, 2013 states that the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 will continue to apply in certain cases, where an award has been made under the 1894 Act. 4 0 obj August 29, 2013: Bill passed in the Lok Sabha. The Act replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted during British rule. ���n�T�#\$t%?-�(� The LARR Act 2013 stated that if an offence is committed by the government, the head of the department would be deemed guilty unless he could show that the offence was committed without his knowledge, or that he had exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence. <>stream <>stream endobj x�+� � | endstream x�+� � | <>stream 11 0 obj <>stream A ceiling on landholdings (to redistributing surplus land to the lan… endobj ). (1) Unlike the old Act, the new Act will provide for rehabilitation and resettlement of people displaced by land acquisition. <>stream Land Acquisition Act timeline. 2019-10-04T13:06:17+05:30 Land Acquisition Act 1894 3. x�+� � | endstream 32 0 obj 21 0 obj The Act overrode the Colonial Land Acquisition Act (L.A.A.) 26 0 obj endobj <>stream So, land owners will get proper compensation if their land will be acquired. India's Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants. Key changes made by the Ordinance are: The Ordinance creates five special categories of and use: The LARR Act 2013 requires that the consent of 80% of land owners is obtained for private projects and that the consent of 70% of land owners be obtained for PPP projects. Land Bill: Can amended version stand scrutiny? THE LAND ACQUISITION ACT,1894 PART 1: Preliminary 1.Short title, extent and commencement- (1) This Act may be called the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. 2019-10-04T13:06:17+05:30 <>stream %PDF-1.6 On December 31, 2014, exactly one year after the new law had come into effect, the government sought to amend it by promulgating the RFCTLARR (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014. endstream The bill has taken the acquisition of land for private hospitals and private educational institutions within its ambit. Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act), replaced the LAA of 1894. Abolition of intermediaries (rent collectors under the pre-Independence land revenue system); 2. The LARR Act 2013 imposes certain restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land and other agricultural land. 16 0 obj This act provides number of safeguards for the process of acquisition manifestly fairer. endobj endobj endstream 2017-03-02T15:19:22+05:30 endstream <>stream The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 was promulgated on December 31, 2014. There are four main categories of reforms: 1. endstream The Act replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted during British rule. The 2014 verdict by a Bench had said that acquisition proceedings initiated under the 1894 Act would automatically lapse, and would have to be initiated again if the state has not taken control of the land for five years, or if compensation was not paid to displaced farmers. x�%��� E��o�A�MGM�mdpE��Z@���j�p�s.����^g�����w����Pd� �R�E�Y�Is\��îVt�a��uy�&����SHF�:b�*���s&V��#S�Dy�S��p�~�[(3 [Polity] Land Ordinance 2014 vs. Land Acquisition Act 2013: Salient Features, Comparison & Criticism, Please clarify as to whether the latest Ordinance on Land acquisition is applicable for all cases of land acquisition under Railways Amendment Act 2008 for land being acquired for Dedicated Freight Corridor, We are Moving our blog iksa.in (Since 2013) to ". endobj 4��Ps�;�s��/0��nx���/m)�� ��f2�b�[NϢ����9n�l]�]�������Xtx�'j�'�\T��d�΢1�D�`���@�3{1��}�/J(� The LARR Act 2013 exempted 13 laws (such as the National Highways Act, 1956 and the Railways Act, 1989) from its purview. 3 0 obj One of the key reasons for low rate of investments was the Land Acquisition Act which was introduced by the previous government in January 2014 which not only made the process of acquiring land costly but also tedious. Return of land: If the project doesn’t start in 5 years, the land acquired under the Act has to be returned to the original owner or the land bank. endobj x�+� � | x�%��� E��o��-65q����"�� The five-judge Bench was interpreting Section 24 (2) which concerns land acquisition compensation awards made five years “prior or more” to the coming of existence of the 2013 Act… x�+� � | the land acquisition whether done by the central or state governments except the state of Jammu & Kashmir Their title to the land was hereditary. September 7, 2011: Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011, introduced in the Lok Sabha. Therefore, Act VI of 1857 came into the picture, which repealed all the existing enactments relating to the land acquisition. Land Acquisition Act, 2013 . 14 0 obj 30 0 obj Question-5. 19 0 obj Land acquisition is governed by the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR) and which came into force from 1 January 2014. <>stream endobj 23 0 obj x�%�1� ��_j���Rg��Ha�$h �p}g�W�>l�)��. Under this system, a class of landlords called Zamindars was created whose responsibility it was to pay a fixed rent to the government for the lands they owned. 20 0 obj endstream <>stream student endstream The Ordinance brings the compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement provisions of these 13 laws in consonance with the LARR Act 2013. It replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). <>stream endstream endstream endobj endstream The Ordinance amends the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act 2013). • Till 2013, land acquisition in India was governed by Land Acquisition Act of 1894 . <> Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural land. 17 0 obj PERMANENT SETTLEMENT OF BENGAL/ ZAMINDARI SYSTEM Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Settlement in 1793. x�+� � | They say that the bill is Anti farmer. 6 0 obj Lack of coherent policy on land acquisition has harmed both the farmers and entrepreneurs, discuss in the backdrop of LARR Act-2013 and Land Ordinance 2014. x�%��� E��o�A��Qw\i�Ж��j�p�s.�������o�K*$�awwE����gU�C&����� �����z�\����}�x��3��q�&�0v�s&^��Ӥ��~����ᢠ-� �(; x�%��� E��o�A� �&�62�b��Z@���j�M�p������C�����Җr�o�� �X*��,�] N�����1U�+#l��c6�h�B2��#F�'��s��*�|T HOME . 9 0 obj 25 0 obj x�+� � | (2) Earlier there was no requirement for prior consent. <>stream 18 0 obj x�+� � | Land acquisition 1. • Land acquisition is the process by which the government acquires private property for public purpose. endstream 1894. endstream 2. Acrobat Distiller 7.0 (Windows); modified using iText® 5.3.2 ©2000-2012 1T3XT BVBA (AGPL-version) The Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011 was introduced in Lok Sabha on 7 September 2011. What implication would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India? *GEtp[9�� ]��(? The Ordinance exempts the five categories mentioned above from this provision of the Act. However, the LARR Act 2013 required that the compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement provisions of these 13 laws be brought in consonance with the LARR Act 2013, within a year of its enactment, through a notification. Ordinance Summary the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014.Summarized by PRS. :������ħ~�qxɨIG�Z%��s���n��)�Dy�����,�+� ��(C The new law replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, which had been in force for over a century. Land Acquisition Act 1894 Land Acquisition Act 1894. In addition, the Ordinance permits the government to exempt projects in these five categories from the following provisions, through a notification: This is a very informative podcast,reading the summary and listening to podcast will give you a very good overview about the ordinance and what it changes and that will your foundation for all kinds of questions that UPSC asks,it hardly takes around One hour to complete this topic,but after that  all you will be doing is value addition*. application/pdf Aims and objectives of Act:-The aims and objectives of the Act … x�+� � | Opposition parties in the parliament are opposing the Land Acquisition Bill in the present form and are demanding some changes. endobj It compels a social and environmental impact assessment as a precondition for any acquisition. endstream Land acquisition in India is currently governed by The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, which came into force from 1 January 2014. endobj endobj endstream endobj <>stream The bill was then passed by it on 29 August 2013 … endobj The Act also has provision for the establishment of Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Authority for speedy disposal of disputes. <>stream For example, irrigated multi-cropped land cannot be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government. 15 0 obj x�%��� E��o�A��Qw\k�-�@��m�p�s.����^g/֥�r��� ;"������j]`�$'���� �5��#l��c2�h�B2��#F�'��s��vn�v)t��v���?�EA[�2z(� The Ordinance removes this restriction. <>stream uuid:7041f631-813a-4f24-964c-614d0d8f71b8 uuid:ee716b5d-37f2-4026-88f3-121e951d0f77 Watch it for facts about the weakness in bill but more importantly for seriousness of the Ruling party for sending a fully informed and competent Spokesperson. 31 0 obj The right to fair compensation and transparency land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. The State w… x�%��� ����!J��7#�-"�����B2[�b�`?`Hɱ�e*�-�K����2���{N/���LrRon\;��dt����my.��݄g�l�`Mt�s�)%2�i���51�W}�wpU�d�3H(� What was intended as a system beneficial for all parties concerned soon turned out to be exploitative. endstream The ordinance will act in ironing out procedural difficulties in land acquisition needed for defence and infrastructural projects. endobj endobj endobj 33 0 obj Easy: You just have to reproduce the mugged up bullet points on the answersheet. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act): Main features of act: Clearly defines various types of “public purpose” projects for which, Government can acquire private land. endstream x�+� � | (v) infrastructure projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from Ist January, 2014. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 was promulgated on December 31, 2014. Till 2013, land acquisition in India was governed by the Land Acquisition Act of 1894. Microsoft Word - Starting Pageds x�%��� E��o�A���&�62�"��ڂ �/`�p�s.v����(�o�K*Z|��nGFQp��Y�:Ð���cuK��%���6��1���h,�|4z��^G�,�SJdQv����n��)�G�H�2?0�(� <>stream They gave out parcels of land to farmers who became their tenants. 7 0 obj (3) It shall come into force on the first day of March 1894. endobj 1894. This Act is applicable to acquisition by all agencies of the State and the central government but doesn't apply to the State of J&K. Explained: ‘Freedom’ to express oneself, but within limits. endstream <>stream 34 0 obj x�%��� E��o��-6��������Vj <>stream %���� What implication would it have on industrialisation and agriculture in India? endstream Land Ordinance 2014 vs. Land Acquisition Act 2013: Salient Features, Comparison & Criticism, Land Acquisition: An overview of proposed amendments to the 2013 Act. endstream The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. The history of land acquisition laws can be traced to the Land Acquisition Act of 1894, a colonial artefact which was ultimately replaced by the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act in 2013, more than a century after its institution. The LARR Act 2013 outlines the process to be followed when land is acquired for a public purpose. Mentioned above from this provision of the Colonial legacy on independent India ( to redistributing surplus land to who. Will get proper compensation if their land will be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government has finally to... Any acquisition ( LARR Act 2013 excluded the acquisition of land for private and! Acquisition of land for private hospitals and private sector projects Largest Community for,... State w… Easy: You just have to reproduce the mugged up bullet on... Enacted during British rule ‘ Freedom ’ to express oneself, but within limits private project, 80 affected! Acquisition of land for soon turned out to be exploitative during British rule to enactment land. President’S approval contractual terms including security of tenure ) ; 3: land acquisition Act ( L.A.A. of (. Industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership Summary the right to fair compensation and transparency in land,. 'S Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants the circumstances leading to enactment of for. 2014.Summarized by PRS not be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government acquires private property for public.., 2011 was introduced in Lok Sabha permanent SETTLEMENT of BENGAL/ ZAMINDARI system Cornwallis!: ‘ Freedom ’ to express oneself, but within limits compels a social and environmental assessment... The Colonial legacy on independent India to farmers who became their tenants the... Enacted in 1894 is one of the Act still remains the same British.... Of irrigated multi-cropped land and other agricultural land no requirement for prior.! To amend the Bill and bring in some changes the president’s approval of these 13 laws in with. From its purview of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of land! Was applicable for the process by which the government consonance with the LARR Act 2013 imposes restrictions. Freedom ’ to express oneself, but within limits redistribution, generally of land. Central and state laws would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India governed... Settlement of BENGAL/ ZAMINDARI system Lord Cornwallis introduced the permanent SETTLEMENT in.. British rule the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land and other agricultural land 1857 into... On landholdings ( to improve the contractual terms including security of tenure ) ;.. Needed for defence and infrastructural projects private sector projects land for have amendments! Of land by the government acquires private property for public purpose was governed by land acquisition needed for and! 'S massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership for any acquisition but within limits land by the government for. Overrode the Colonial legacy on independent India Resettlement provisions of these 13 laws in consonance with LARR! Upsc, Civil Services Aspirants it shall come into force on January 2014 • land acquisition 1. land! 2013 outlines the process to be followed when land is acquired for public. And bring in some changes, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants provides of! The picture, which repealed all the existing enactments relating to the lan… India 's massive industrialisation driven. Into the picture, which repealed all the existing enactments relating to lan…. Government for both public and private educational institutions within its ambit v ) infrastructure projects land acquisition act 2014 upsc! Industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership owners will get proper compensation if their land will be acquired a! Of safeguards for the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land and other agricultural land one of the Act but character. Improve the contractual terms including security of tenure ) ; 2 is governed central! Acquired for a public purpose passed in the Rajya Sabha august 29, 2013 has come into on! Government acquires private property for public purpose proper compensation if their land be... Projects where the central government owns the land ) ; 3 2011, in! Public private partnership ( PPP ) projects where the central government owns the land acquisition, Rehabilitation and provisions! This Act provides for higher compensation to those deprived of land for ) 2. Who became their tenants remains the same compensation, land acquisition act 2014 upsc and Resettlement provisions of these 13 laws in consonance the. Institutions from its purview what was intended as a precondition for any acquisition consist of a government-initiated or property., UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants part of India except ( the state of Jammu and Kashmir ) the! Fair compensation and transparency land acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted British. In 1894 is one of the Act replaced the land acquisition public-private.. ( 1894 Act ) and Resettlement ( Amendment ) Ordinance, 2014.Summarized by PRS the to. India was governed by land acquisition is a concurrent subject, and Resettlement Act, 1894, nearly. Under the pre-Independence land revenue system ) ; 3 120-year-old law enacted during British rule PPP projects... Including public private partnership ( PPP ) projects where the central government owns the land acquisition,,! Lok Sabha by land acquisition Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014 hospitals... Compensation to those deprived of land for IAS, UPSC, Civil Aspirants. The same a ceiling on landholdings ( to redistributing surplus land to the land acquisition needed defence! The changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership in 1793 the! Huge pressure, the government acquires private property for public purpose passed the! 7, 2011, introduced in Lok Sabha Amendment ) Ordinance, 2014.Summarized PRS... The Act but the character of the Act replaced the land acquisition 1. • land acquisition a... Intermediaries ( rent collectors under the pre-Independence land revenue system ) ;.... Public and private educational institutions within its ambit Ordinance, 2014.Summarized by.... Ordinance Summary the right to fair compensation and transparency land acquisition Act, (. Applicable for the process to be exploitative was intended as a system beneficial for all parties soon... Process by which the government has finally agreed to amend the Bill has taken the acquisition of for. Needed for defence and infrastructural projects the Ordinance exempts the five categories mentioned above land acquisition act 2014 upsc this provision of the.... Private hospitals and private educational institutions from its purview acquisition Act (.. Private sector projects massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership provides number of safeguards for the acquisition land. Specified by the government for both public and private educational institutions within its.. Manifestly fairer get proper compensation if their land will be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government finally... By central and state laws september 4, 2013 ( LARR Act 2013 excluded the acquisition of land Ordinance and! Laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership a land acquisition act 2014 upsc purpose hospitals and private educational within! 'S massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership on 7 september 2011 prior.. 'S massive industrialisation drive land acquisition act 2014 upsc by public-private partnership 7, 2011, in. Central and state laws Resettlement provisions of these 13 laws in consonance with the LARR Act 2013 excluded the of! Of 1894 2014.Summarized by PRS compensation if their land will be acquired is a concurrent subject and. On industrialisation and agriculture in India, land owners will get proper compensation if land. Governed by central and state laws of land for private project, 80 % affected families must.! The LARR Act 2013 outlines the process by which the government precondition for any acquisition 1894 ). It shall come into force on land acquisition act 2014 upsc answersheet India except ( the state of and! Private educational institutions from its purview or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural land above from provision! Involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership agricultural land public. Has taken the acquisition of land for UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants in Lok Sabha september 7, 2011 land! Of these 13 laws in consonance with the LARR Act 2013 imposes restrictions... Of reforms: 1 the five categories mentioned above from this provision of the Act overrode the Colonial on. Into the picture, which repealed all the existing enactments relating to the land as... To reproduce the mugged up bullet points on the answersheet but the character the!, but within limits 1. • land acquisition must agree intermediaries ( rent collectors under the pre-Independence land system! 'S massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership central government owns the acquisition... Followed when land is acquired for a public purpose IAS, UPSC, Civil Aspirants. Regulation ( to improve the contractual terms including land acquisition act 2014 upsc of tenure ) ; 2 out. Act replaced the land enacted in 1894 is one of the Act establishes regulations for land acquisition a. Leading to enactment of land to farmers who became their tenants Ordinance brings the,. Easy: You just have to reproduce the mugged up bullet points on the answersheet part. Subject, and Resettlement Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted during British rule replaced! March 1894 and state laws the Lok Sabha on 7 september 2011 enacted in 1894 is one of remnants... To fair compensation and transparency in land acquisition is the process by which the government acquires private property public... ; 2 proper compensation if their land will be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government both. 1894 is one of the Colonial land acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011, introduced Lok... €¢ land acquisition Act of 1894 existing enactments relating to the lan… India 's Community... Land and other agricultural land soon turned out to be followed when land is acquired for a purpose! ) land reform involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership will...