1 Chronicles 21:1-17 New Living Translation (NLT) David Takes a Census. SUMMARY. This was accomplished by an "angel who was afflicting the people" 5. Then Satan rose up against Israel and incited David to take a census of Israel. Numbers 1 records God telling Moses to take a census and determine the number of men who were able to go to war. God offered David his choice of punishments: a three-year famine, three months of military fighting from Israel’s enemies, or three days of pestilence. Before addressing the question, it’s worth quoting the relevant texts. David's repentance leads to the purchase of Ornan's threshing floor, which God designates as the site for the temple. The question: In 2 Samuel 24 it says that God moved David to take a tragic census of Israel's military power, but in I Chronicles 21 it says that Satan moved him to do so. And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done. David’s general Joab strongly cautioned the King against such a measure, but David insisted on it anyway. Both God and Satan incited David to number Israel. David chose the plague, in which 70,000 men died. Tools. 3. Instead, the Bible implies that David’s intentions (and thus his actions) were dishonorable, foolish, and sinful (cf. That occurrence was only one month before this census is commanded. Bible Answer: First, we will look at the historical event and then look at why God disciplined David. Augustus himself conducted a census in Italy in and in Gaul in 727/27* [see roman dating system, ‘auc'] and had a census taken in other provinces. Answer: There are a couple possible reasons to explain why God ordered a census of the people of Israel in the book of Numbers. And they crossed over the Jordan and camped in Aroer, on the right side of the town which is in the midst of the ravine of Gad, and toward Jazer. He opposes adultery, but ordains that Absalom should lie with his father's wives (Exodus 20:14; 2 Samuel 12:11). God was angry at Israel so he incited David to take a census 2. Satan was actively involved in David being moved to have a census. God was satisfied with David's offering (2 Samuel 24:25, 1 Chronicles 21:26), and the end of the matter was complete. God caused Caesar to call for the census. This seems wrong. So, putting it in a nutshell, Israel was facing punishment from God and Satan was the means of this punishment by tempting David to take an illegal census; David … When the census had been completed, the Prophet Gad informed David of God’s anger and of His intention to punish David and all Israel. Take note that the very census that caused Joseph and Mary to come to Bethlehem was the first of its kind to take place. Probably because David was supposed to rely on God to protect Israel, not his own resources. God offers David a choice of punishments for having conducted the census (which god himself ordered in the first place): 1) seven years of famine, 2) three months fleeing from enemies, or 3) three days of pestilence. For Egypt there is evidence of a regular periodic census every 14 years extending back to 773/20 and it is not improbable that … David forces Joab to take a census of the people for military purposes, displeasing God and resulting in severe plagues. 2 So David said to Joab and the commanders of the army, “Take a census of all the people of Israel—from Beersheba in the south to Dan in the north—and bring me a report so I may know how many there are.” David pleaded for mercy and was told to build an altar to God on a particular threshing floor (2Samuel 24:16 - 18). Fourteen times in that one chapter God repeats the instruction to number the men who were able to “go to war”—even though He had just recently confirmed His promise to fight on their behalf. In Wednesday’s Mass, at the first reading from 2 Samuel 24, we hear the Story of How King David ordered a census to be taken. David commanded a census because the Lord ultimately planned that he do so, but Satan was used as the secondary cause to incite David. 2 Samuel 24.10 And God was angry, too, at least that's what the prophet Gad told him. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David, which was called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child. Later, God's anger blazed forth against Israel, so he incited David to move against them by telling him, "Go take a census of Israel and Judah." Why did God discipline David after telling him to take the census in 2 Samuel 24? From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died” (2 Samuel 24:15). 1. 1. What gives?! (5-9) The census is taken. David's Tragic Census-who 'Moved' him to do it? 2 Samuel 24:1, 1 Chronicles 21:1 Again Yahweh's anger blazed against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, 'Go and take a census of Israel and Judah!' Further in the chapter, David admits this is a sin when he declares "I have sinned greatly, in that I have done this thing.(vs. And Satan rose up against Israel and incited David to take a census of Israel. God offers David a choice of punishments for having conducted the census (which god himself ordered in the first place): 1) seven years of famine, 2) three months fleeing from enemies, or 3) three days of pestilence. David chose the third and in three days 70,000 died. The historical event is recorded in both 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21. David Commands Israel Be Counter. Why does God need the people to be counted so often? Friends, Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because it was God's will for Jesus to be born there. For many Bible readers, the parallel accounts that describe David’s numbering of Israel (found in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21) pose a serious problem. The Census of Quirinius was a census of Judea taken by Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, Roman governor of Syria, upon the imposition of direct Roman rule in 6 CE. The account of David’s military census appears in the books of Samuel and Chronicles. So David said to God, “I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing; but now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.” a. Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to the king : he results showed that there were 1,300,000 fighting men among the twelve tribes, reflecting an estimated total population of about 6 million in Israel. I love it when people actually ask interesting questions about the Bible! The Gospel of Luke uses it as the narrative means to establish the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem ( Luke 2 , Luke 2:1–5 ), but the Gospel of Matthew places the birth within the reign of Herod the Great , who died 9 years earlier. Because of David’s census, the Bible says: “So the Lord sent a plague upon Israel from the morning till the appointed time. Did a census really take place in the entire Roman world during that time, and did Mary & Joseph actually go up to Bethlehem to be registered, as Luke Gospel says? As a penance for this sin, he was allowed to choose either a famine, an unsuccessful war, or pestilence. The pestilence was thus halted. Why did god tell David to take a census, then kill thousands of people after David did what he was told? New Testament scholar Dr. Harold W. Hoehner has summarized some of the top challenges faced by those who hold to the historical accuracy of Luke’s account. God commanded Moses to take a census of the Israelites just before the building of the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:11-16), and we are told that it has been accomplished (Exodus 38-25-6). God bestows evil consequences upon evil actions ("you reap what you sow"). So, why is this text difficult? Question: "Why did God order a census in the book of Numbers?" ISV. David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. The skeptic accuses God of punishing the wrong people. God had not commanded a census be taken, nor did David instigate it for some noble cause. In the verse you snipped out, we see Joab and the commanders of the army argue against David that it is simply vanity that causes this census to be taken. David decides to take a census of the fighting men 3. In 2 Chronicles 2:17-18, Solomon took a census of the foreigners in the land for the purpose of distributing laborers. God did 2 Samuel 24:1, "Now again the anger of the Lord burned against Israel, and it incited David against them to say, "Go, number Israel and Judah." God could have commanded the census to reveal His power in redeeming such a large number of people or to list those who were able to serve in war (Numbers 1:3). 2 Samuel 24:2 2 Sam 24:2. Analysis. 1 Chronicles 27:24 Joab son of Zeruiah began to count the men but did not finish. 1 Chronicles 27:23 David did not count the men aged twenty or under, because the LORD had said that He would make Israel as numerous as the stars of the sky. As a penance for this sin, he was allowed to choose either a famine, an unsuccessful war, or pestilence. If David sinned, why did … the increasing size of Israel, was what caused the census. It specifically says that God did in 2 Samuel 24:1, but it also says that Satan moved David to number Israel in 1 Chronicles 21:1. Provoking God Tribes Of Israel. In closing. 21 Satan rose up against Israel and caused David to take a census of the people of Israel. Verse Concepts . God ordained David’s sin, but He is not to blame for the temptation, for Satan did the tempting. Old Testament > King David > God Kills 70,000 Israelites. It would be the threshing floor location on which David appeased God, and ended he and nation being punished, that another momentous event would take place! Anger Of God, Examples Of God Urging. David was taken by surprise and was forced to flee from ... the sacred writer records a sin of pride on David’s part in his resolution to take a census of the people. 2 So David said to Joab and the commanders of the army, “Take a census of all the people of Israel—from Beersheba in the south to Dan in the north—and bring me a report so I may know how many there are.” He makes plain that it is sin for David to take a military census of his people, but he ordains that he do it (2 Samuel 24:1; 24:10). The pestilence was thus halted. David chose the third and in … After the census, David decided that he had done something wrong, which is weird since he had only taken a census that God told him to take. But David did so anyway. Of the several questions that arise in this unusual episode, we will look at two: 1. Who is "Satan" and why does he incite David (v. 1)? 21 Satan rose up against Israel and caused David to take a census of the people of Israel. 1 Chronicles 21 New Living Translation (NLT) David Takes a Census. Although David eventually repented of his sin, God insisted on a punishment, letting David chose between seven years of famine, three months of fleeing from enemies, or three days of severe plague. 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