Rank. Scientific name Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Canadian: Occurs in BC, ON, QC (Brouillet et al. Cenchrus longispinus. Fernald APNI*. Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Farm animals are often injured when grazing in locations where this plant is growing, often injuring their mouths and eye. It is native to the central and eastern United States. Taxonomy: Cenchrus, Poaceae Category: Monocot. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus longispinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) The leaves, that can reach lengths of up to 6", form along the entire length of the stems. Spiny burrgrass; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Overview Appearance Cenchrus species are an annual to perennial mat forming grass, (family Poaceae) usually growing from 2-40 in. Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Other scientific names. SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Sandburs are easily recognized by their distinctive burs, which are formed by fusion of sterile branches from the flowering head. Cenchrus longispinus Fernald. N of The Dalles, OR along Dallasport Rd ca. Authority: (Hackel) Fernald. APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACMAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paniceae • Genus: Cenchrus • … The light green stems or culms is covered by a sheath of leaves. Rich. Common names: mat sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (mat sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 2 feet tall and is found in the Central Valley, Modoc Plateau area, and the south coast and desert ranges of California. 1943; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. These 'burrs' are shortly stalked (i.e. Worldwide: Native to North and South America (USDA-ARS 2016 Footnote 2).Introduced to Europe (Belgium, Italy, Ukraine) and Australia (CABI 2016 Footnote 3). Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) ), and they even grow together in weedy lawns and other habitats. Rhodora; Journal of the New England Botanical Club. Cenchrus longisetus* M.C. Identification Notes. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Cenchrus glaucus C.R. Roadsides, railroads, fields, and disturbed places generally; an obnoxious weed, especially frequent in dry sandy places but mercifully not yet common … Family. The upper side is rough, with a smooth lower surface. Cenchrus echinatus f. longispina Hack. Other common names for Cenchrus longispinus are Matted Sandbur and Long-spined Sandbur. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) It is also considered a winter annual, that is, it can live for one year, with a winter included. ex W. H. Wagner slide collection. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cenchrus longispinus is a species of grass, also known as spiny burr grass or gentle Annie. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Its fruits are clumped into " burrs " with sharp, barbed spines that can penetrate the hides and mouth of grazing animals. Cenchrus species are native to North America, Mexico, … Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald . Cenchrus longispinus. Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: … AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Plantae – Plants. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. EPPO Code: CCHLO. Other Common Names: mat sand bur Weed class: C Year Listed: 1988 Native to: Canada, Mexico, and parts of the United States Is this Weed Toxic? spiny burrgrass (Cenchrus longispinus) has seed-heads that produce spiny 'burrs'. Why Is It a Noxious Weed? Notes. N.C. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Jansen & Wacht. source: ArcGIS Collector app, Canberra Nature Map, Atlas of Living Australia, National Herbarium. References: Hilty, J. Fernald WildNet taxon ID 10205 Alternate name(s) spiny burrgrass innocent weed hedgehog grass gentle annie bohena beauty Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source This profile data is sourced … Name . Cenchrus longispinus. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It … They are enclosed in round, spine-covered, yellow-green burs. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. USA (most of USA and Canada), Mexico. pedicellate), have several rows of larger flattened spines (usually with 40-70 spines in total), and numerous smaller hairy bristles at their base. Growth can be erect or decumbent. Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. Several culms are produced from the base that may sprawl along the ground or stand in an ascending fashion. Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. When dried, the burs become sharp and attach to the clothing or shoelaces of passersby. New and emerging invasive plants in the ACT. Fern. 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