Prevents Soil Erosion: . By obtaining plant-based products from plants that are cultivated on the land, it reduces the requirement to cut down trees. Are Wood-burning Stoves Bad For The Environment? Agroforestry supports the cultivation of a broad selection of products that includes timber, fodder, forage, fibre, medicinal products, craft products, gums, resins, hedging materials, and a few more. Agroforestry assists in ensuring high level of nutrition and health due to an increase in quality of yield and its diversity. In this system, the components are agricultural crops and tree crops intercropped between the trees. Moreover, agroforestry helps in health and nutrition improvement due to increased diversity and quality of food outputs. Essentially, Agroforestry’s main goal is to combine both modern and traditional land-use systems where trees are managed together with crops or animal production. As such, improved and sustainable productivity leads to increases in levels of farm income. It helps in producing greater agricultural output. Agroforestry is a concept of integrated land use that combines elements of agriculture and forestry in a sustainable production system. Home gardens are more sustainable, highly productive, and very practicable for food production. It boosts the entire rural economy that results in a more stable community and farm. The term ‘Agroforestry’ is a commonly used to refer to practice where farmers deliberately retain and integrate trees with annual crop cultivation, livestock production among other farm activities as a form of land management technique. In agroforestry, the ecological function of trees, crops, and animals can increase food production while at the same time reducing the impact of agriculture on the environment. Trees planted in agroforestry systems aids in mitigating climatic change via carbon appropriation. Dense tree plantations in these areas assist in improved absorption of CO2 and regulation of local temperature at a place. Generally, trees can provide nutritious fruits, nuts, and leaves for consumption in households. Efficient management of trees: The major objective of Agroforestry is that it combines contemporary and conventional land-use systems. The increasing importance of agroforestry as a major land use practice There is now general agreement about the magnitude and scale of the integration of trees into agricultural lands and their active management by farmers and pastoralists. Agroforestry helps in increasing availability of water to soil. to be one of the most important advantages of agroforestry. Agroforestry opens up new possibilities for farmers to earn well while also repairing and restoring unhealthy ecosystems. It provides a system to deal with food insecurity in maintainable farming methods. Agroforestry also helps in the stabilization and improvement of local communities by eliminating the need to move sites of farm activities. Economic and Social Impact. Agroforestry – What Are The Benefits? Importance of Homegardens Agroforestry System in Tropics Region December 2015 In book: "Biodiversity, Conservation and Sustainable Development" (Issues & Approaches) (pp.00-00) Considered as an integral part of productive agriculture, this practice can include forests that are established by landholders and existing native forests. - Source of income from the sale of by-products of the trees or trees themselves. In this category, hedges and fodder trees are planted as a live fence. This intentional combination of agriculture an In this system, woody perennials are combined with annuals and pastures. In fact, soils in agroforestry systems are richer in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and organic carbon. It is a practice that makes the best management of land. It enhances the recovery post occurrence of natural calamities, socio-economic dips or any other form of hazard. Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops. In apiculture system with trees, the main components are honey bees and trees that encourage honey production. Let us learn more about Agroforestry in detail. Some crops like barley, alfalfa, and winter wheat are also known to thrive under shelter. The program has two main objectives: (i) to improve the knowledge and awareness of the local, national and regional civil society and government institutions as to the importance of climate-smart agroforestry systems in public policies; and, (ii) t o enhance the sustainable productivity and conservation of soil and water through the use of agroforestry systems and technologies that reduce … Depending on the system, some of the woody components you will find include shelterbelts, hedges, alley cropping, orchards, grazed woodland, and pollards among others. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Your email address will not be published. Agroforestry benefits the farmer and the environment in multitude of ways. In this category, the system components are multipurpose trees that are usually protein-rich trees planted in or around the farmlands for providing animal feeds. Further, Agroforestry plays a critical role in improving climatic conditions and weather patterns by modifying microclimatic conditions such as temperature and water vapor content of air and wind speed, resulting in beneficial effects on crop growth and animal welfare. This comprises trees on farms and in agricultural landscapes, farming in forests and along forest margins and tree-crop production, including cocoa, coffee, rubber and oil palm. The common components in this system are Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Albizia lebbeck, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, and Sesbania grandiflora. Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Other environmental benefits of agroforestry systems include reduction of pressure on natural forests, more efficient recycling of nutrients by deep-rooted trees on the site, increment in soil nutrients, improvement of microclimate, and reduction of surface run-off. Required fields are marked *. Due to production of several types of products by the Agroforestry systems, economic hazards are reduced to a significant level. Agroforestry is defined as ‘agriculture with trees’.. Combining proper tree species and responsive crops can lead to improved yields. It tracks any buildup of soil toxicities, and lower soil salinization and acidification. This is how the idea of agroforestry commenced. Agroforestry economics, for example, helps to increase the diversity of production within the system thereby reducing the risk of economic failure. Improved and maintainable productivity enhances the levels of agricultural income. (And Should We Stop Camping? Trees also protect animals from wind chill in cold days while also providing shade on hot days and thus, helping lower animal stress. What Are The Benefits Of An Accountability Partner? Trees in agroforestry systems, therefore, help to mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration. Can reduce poverty in some areas if practiced sustainably, What is Ecotourism? Compost Pile vs Bin – Which One is Right For You? Moreover, agroforestry helps in health and nutrition improvement due to increased diversity and quality of food outputs. Agroforestry improves weather patterns and climatic conditions by changing microclimatic conditions like temperature, wind speed, and amount of water vapor in air that positively impacts the growth of crops and welfare of animals. Other systems such as apiculture with trees, aquaforestry and mixed wood lots also exist. Agroforestry includes the interaction of shrubs, agriculture, and trees, where they are not just designed but also managed as a single unit. This system is more common in areas with high rainfall areas in South and Southeast Asia where coconut is the main crop. Importance of agroforestry systems in carbon sequestration Agroforestry can store more carbon than conventional farming Agricultural systems, such as agroforestry, that combine trees with livestock and crops on the same area of land, are particularly popular in developing countries. Trees also produce a wide range of useful and marketable products from fruits/nuts, medicines, wood products, etc. In this system, the components are woody plants that are grown for pasture. Agroforestry is the integration of trees with either crops or livestock on the same land. Planting trees, as part of agroforestry practice, can be beneficial for the health and survival of humans, animals, and crops. (And 10 Ways to Reuse Coffee Grounds), Are Ziploc Bags Recyclable? Agroforestry can have immense benefits for the environment and the farmer (a detailed breakdown of agroforestry's main benefits can be found on AgriInfo's site). Agroforestry also leads to higher income, and sustained employment that, in turn, leads to a major enhancement in living standards of countryside people. Planting trees in agricultural lands can help increase food production and boost food security. Looking at the benefits and features of an agroforestry system, it has been adopted in several regions of the world. Trees can also be a source of medicines and natural remedies. Planting trees in agricultural lands can help increase food production and boost food security. To get the best yields, farmers should adopt wider spacing. Across the world, agroforestry encompasses a wide variety of practices ranging from simple shelterbelts of trees around fields to an intimate integration of food crops and trees. The importance of agroforestry. Combined with the advantages of agroforestry, this is a positive step for both people and ecosystems. An agroforestry system is more preferable than growing trees in isolation because the crops bring the revenue for the farmers when the trees are too young to earn something for them. (And Ways to Dispose of Used Condoms), Are Campfires Bad for The Environment? This serves as a solution for regions that experiences irregular rainfall. Agroforestry works because it’s farming in 3D – the roots reach deep into the ground to cycle nutrients and store carbon, while above ground, the trees protect crops and animals against the elements. - They improve soil fertility by fixing nitrogen hence adding nitrates into the soil. The agricultural crops in this system can be grown for up to two years under protective irrigation and up to four years under refined farming. Importance of Agroforestry Efficient management of trees: . Principles, Importance and Amazing Benefits of Ecotourism, 4. The importance of agroforestry cannot be overemphasised, as it has several advantages in the provision of food and other basic needs (i.e. Also with the increasing demand for food and the negative effects of traditional farming methods, there has been a growing need to adopt a long term vision for tackling food insecurity in more sustainable farming methods. When managed well, trees have a great capacity of maintaining soil fertility by building up organic matter and mediating nutrient cycling. 21+ Astounding Reasons Why You Should Plant a Tree Today, 31+ Fabulous Ways to Protect Trees and Conserve Forests, A Study Warns That Animals Are Unable To Adapt To The Present Rate of Climate Change, Uncontrolled Human Actions Are Accelerating Extinction And Shifting Earth Ecosystem Towards Dead End, Are Condoms Biodegradable? This, in turn, leads to the reduction of the chances of economic failure. It plays an important role in optimising nutrient cycling, organic matter production and reducing a need for the external input of fertilisers. - … Trees and tree products have economic value that can get agroforesters a source of livelihood and potentially reduce their poverty levels, especially in developing or emerging economies. It is also worth noting that growing trees can help reduce the production costs resulting in increased household income. Improves crop productivity: It is a practice that makes the best management of land. With the help of agroforestry specialists, indigenous people and local communities can continue with the local beliefs and culture while ensuring long term sustainability of the traditional systems. Creation of strong livelihoods: Tree plantation along with the growth of animals reduce any susceptibilities linked to agricultural cultivation. Sustainable agriculture should involve the successful management of resources for agriculture to satisfy changing human needs, while maintaining or enhancing the quality of the environment and conserving natural resources. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Due to the adverse impact of conventional farming methods, and to enhance food production to meet growing food requirements, agroforestry serves as the best option. Agroforestry is a land-use practice that involves growing perennial woody vegetation (trees, shrubs, or hedges) integrated with forages, crops, fruits, berries and … Climate change mitigation and adaptation, 6. Mitigation and adaptation of climate change: Growth of trees in existing agricultural system lessens the effect of change in climate on agriculture. 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